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Archive for the ‘Health’ Category

Emerging Therapeutic Enhancement Enabling Health Technologies and Their Discourses: What Is Discussed within the Health Domain?

In Disabled People, Health on July 26, 2013 at 1:06 am

 

Wolbring Gregor Diep Lucy, Yumakulov Sophya, Ball Natalie, Leopatra Verlyn (2013) Emerging Therapeutic Enhancement Enabling Health Technologies and Their Discourses: What Is Discussed within the Health Domain? Healthcare 20131(1), 20-52

 

http://www.mdpi.com/2227-9032/1/1/20

 

So far, the very meaning of health and therefore, treatment and rehabilitation is benchmarked to the normal or species-typical body. We expect certain abilities in members of a species; we expect humans to walk but not to fly, but a bird we expect to fly. However, increasingly therapeutic interventions have the potential to give recipients beyond species-typical body related abilities (therapeutic enhancements, TE). We believe that the perfect storm of TE, the shift in ability expectations toward beyond species-typical body abilities, and the increasing desire of health consumers to shape the health system will increasingly influence various aspects of health care practice, policy, and scholarship. We employed qualitative and quantitative methods to investigate among others how human enhancement, neuro/cognitive enhancement, brain machine interfaces, and social robot discourses cover (a) healthcare, healthcare policy, and healthcare ethics, (b) disability and (c) health consumers and how visible various assessment fields are within Neuro/Cogno/ Human enhancement and within the BMI and social robotics discourse. We found that health care, as such, is little discussed, as are health care policy and ethics; that the term consumers (but not health consumers) is used; that technology, impact and needs assessment is absent; and that the imagery of disabled people is primarily a medical one. We submit that now, at this early stage, is the time to gain a good understanding of what drives the push for the enhancement agenda and enhancement-enabling devices, and the dynamics around acceptance and diffusion of therapeutic enhancements.

 

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Gene therapy transforms eyesight of 12 born with rare defect

In Genes, Genetic, Health on November 4, 2009 at 12:46 am

Pennsylvania researchers using gene therapy have made significant improvements in vision in 12 patients with a rare inherited visual defect, a finding that suggests it may be possible to produce similar improvements in a much larger number of patients with retinitis pigmentosa and macular degeneration.

see here

Study into sunscreen’s link to Alzheimer’s

In Health, Medicine, nano, Nanoscale on November 4, 2009 at 12:26 am

Scientists are to investigate whether human-engineered nanoparticles which are found in sunscreen have any links with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases.

see here

Playlist: Feature | The Future of Human Health

In Bionic, Cogno, Health, Neuro on February 14, 2009 at 4:32 am

Learn about the frontiers of human health from seven of Stanford’s most innovative faculty members. Inspired by a format used at the TED Conference (http://www.ted.com), each speaker delivers a highly engaging talk in just 10-20 minutes about his or her research. Learn about Stanford’s newest and most exciting discoveries in neuroscience, bioengineering, brain imaging, psychology, and more.

more here

In New Procedure, Artificial Arm Listens to Brain

In Bionic, Computer, Disabled People, Health on February 14, 2009 at 4:17 am

….new kind of artificial arm that moves more easily than other devices and that she can control by using only her thoughts.
more here

see also

Thanks to Mindhack

Bionic eyes: Contact lenses with circuits, lights a possible platform for superhuman vision

In Bionic, Disabled People, Health, Vision on February 14, 2009 at 3:59 am

Jan. 17, 2008
By Hannah Hickey

Contact lenses with metal connectors for electronic circuits were safely worn by rabbits in lab tests. The lenses were manufactured at the microscopic level by researchers at the UW. Contact lenses with metal connectors for electronic circuits were safely worn by rabbits in lab tests. Movie characters from the Terminator to the Bionic Woman use bionic eyes to zoom in on far-off scenes, have useful facts pop into their field of view, or create virtual crosshairs. Off the screen, virtual displays have been proposed for more practical purposes — visual aids to help vision-impaired people, holographic driving control panels and even as a way to surf the Web on the go.
more here

Canada to Require Companies to Report Quantity, Usage, Toxicity of Nanomaterials

In Health, Law, Medicine, Nanoscale, NBICS on January 29, 2009 at 5:17 am

see here

Insurers scrutinize nanotechnology

In Environment/Climate, Governance, Health, Human Security Food Water..., nano, Nanoscale on January 21, 2009 at 11:39 pm

On September 24, 2008, the U.S. insurance company Continental Western Group (CWG) issued a statement noting that it would exclude nanotubes and nanotechnology from its coverage.
more here

Nanotechnology Boosts War On Superbugs

In Health, Microbe, nano, Nanoscale on October 13, 2008 at 8:04 pm

more here

Canadian academies report on Nanotechnology

In Governance, Health, Law, nano, Nanoscale on July 10, 2008 at 3:52 pm

The Council of Canadian Academies has been asked by the federal Minister of Health: “What is the state of knowledge with respect to existing nanomaterial properties and their health and environmental risks, which could underpin regulatory perspectives on needs for research, risk assessment and surveillance?”

An Expert Panel on Nanotechnology has been appointed by the Council of Canadian Academies to address this question. Scientific knowledge, or evidence, is broadly interpreted to include natural sciences and engineering, as well as social sciences.
more here

here a Globe and Mail article

Council of Canadian Academies news release

Scientists Identify Genes for brain development

In Ableism, Enhancement, Genes, Genetic, Governance, Health, Law, Medicine, Neuro on July 7, 2008 at 2:12 pm

see here the academic paper

and here a write up on it

interestingly the write up title is

Scientists Identify Genes that Could Turn Ordinary People into Supergeniuses (or Mindless Drones)

What sort of coverage: Amputees fight caps in coverage for prosthetics

In Ableism, Bionic, Disabled People, Governance, Health, Law, Medicine on June 10, 2008 at 6:29 pm

By Dave Gram, Associated Press

SOUTH BURLINGTON, Vt. – After bone cancer forced the amputation of her
right leg below the knee, Eileen Casey got even more bad news: Her
insurer told her that she had spent her $10,000 lifetime coverage limit
on her temporary limb and that the company wouldn’t pay for a permanent
one……
more here

Question: One the one hand society promotes a body image and a social environment that seems to make legs essential 9most places are still not set up for non leg modes of movements)and on the other hand they are not willing to enable one to have the legs.
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Salamander-inspired therapy may aid injured vets

In Health, Regenerative Medicine on May 31, 2008 at 11:48 pm

SAN ANTONIO, Texas (CNN) — Last week in an operating room in Texas, a wounded American soldier underwent a history-making procedure that could help him regrow the finger that was lost to a bomb attack in Baghdad, Iraq, last year.

Army Sgt. Shiloh Harris’ doctors applied specially formulated powder to what’s left of the finger in an effort to do for wounded soldiers what salamanders can do naturally: replace missing body parts.Technorati Tags: ,

more here

Virtual biopsy can tell whether colon polyp is benign without removal

In e-health, Health, Medicine, Sensor on May 26, 2008 at 2:29 pm

A probe so sensitive that it can tell whether or not a cell living within the human body is veering towards cancer development may revolutionize how future colonoscopies are done, say researchers from the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla.

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Cell ‘organs’ get plastic upgrades

In Enhancement, Health, Medicine on May 26, 2008 at 2:25 pm

Technorati Tags: , , , , , , Human cells could have their metabolisms upgraded without altering their genes by inserting tiny plastic packages of enzymes, Swiss researchers have shown. They hope the technique could allow advanced cancer therapies, or even upgrade a person’s metabolism.

more here

Metal Rubber

In Bionic, Health, Information Technology, Medicine on May 24, 2008 at 10:57 pm

Chemists Create Self-assembling Conductive Rubber

Uses of metal rubber include bendy, electrically charged aircraft wings, artificial muscles and wearable computers.

more here

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Fluorescent Nano-barcodes Could Revolutionize Diagnostics

In e-health, Health, Medicine, nano, Nanoscale, Telehealth on May 24, 2008 at 10:50 pm

A new technology with research and clinical application including the early detection of disease has been invented and developed by University of Queensland researchers.
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“Wireless Healthcare 2008”

In e-health, Health, Information Technology, Telehealth on May 24, 2008 at 4:34 am

more here
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The Ultimate Cure

In Ableism, Bionic, Cogno, Disabled People, Enhancement, Health, nano, Nanoscale, NBICS, Neuro on May 24, 2008 at 2:01 am

The neurotech industry is engaged in a $2 trillion race to fix your brain. Many players will fail, but the payoff will be huge for those who succeed.

more here
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Remote Microscopy

In e-health, Health, Telehealth on May 23, 2008 at 3:25 pm

Hat tip to Sheila Moorcroft, Research Director, Shaping Tomorrow

more herehere
and here

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